A Science-Led Plan

According to al-Jaber, the approved plan is science-driven and represents a consensus among nations. He emphasized that it is an enhanced and balanced package designed to drive climate action forward. Notably, the final agreement includes language on fossil fuels for the very first time. This development marks a milestone in global efforts to combat climate change.

Transitioning Towards Net Zero Emissions

The newly proposed deal goes beyond previous versions, responding to a global outcry for stronger action. However, it falls short of an outright “phase-out” of fossil fuels, which had been advocated for by over 100 nations. Instead, it calls for a transition away from fossil fuels in energy systems—an approach that emphasizes justice, order, and equity. The goal is to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, aligning with the scientific consensus on climate change.

A Flexible Path to Success

To ensure different countries can adapt at their own pace, the agreement allows nations like China to peak their carbon pollution levels after 2025. However, overall carbon emissions need to peak by 2025 to stay within the agreed-upon threshold. This flexible approach acknowledges the diversity of global circumstances while maintaining the imperative to address the urgency of the climate crisis.

Urgent Action Required

The need for immediate action to combat climate change was highlighted by Ireland’s Environment Minister, Eamon Ryan. He stressed the urgency of the situation, stating unequivocally that “the world is burning, we need to act now.” This sentiment echoes the shared concern among delegates and the global community at large.


The decision to transition away from fossil fuels marks a historic turning point in global climate negotiations. While critics have raised concerns about potential loopholes, the approval of this package demonstrates a collective commitment to addressing the urgent challenge of climate change. As the world moves forward, it is imperative that nations uphold their commitments and work collaboratively towards a sustainable future.

Intensive Debate Continues at Climate Conference

After hours of intensive discussions, delegates at the recent climate conference have finally reached a compromise. The initial document presented by the conference presidency sparked controversy as it failed to make bold calls for action on curbing global warming. However, a new document called the global stocktake was introduced by the United Arab Emirates-led presidency and has been met with mixed reactions.

The 21-page document, now in its third version in just two weeks, carefully avoids mentioning the word “oil” but acknowledges the importance of addressing “fossil fuels” twice. This deliberate choice has drawn attention and raised concerns among environmental advocates.

Critics argue that the proposed text is merely a small step forward, lacking the transformative measures needed to combat climate change. The Alliance of Small Island States, in a statement, expressed their disappointment with what they perceive as incremental changes and a multitude of loopholes that undermine progress.

Despite these criticisms, there is acknowledgment that an important milestone has been achieved. For the first time in 28 years, countries are being compelled to confront the issue of fossil fuels. Jean Su, the energy justice director at the Center for Biological Diversity, sees this as a significant win. Nevertheless, she highlights the flaws within the document, particularly the allowance for transitional fuels such as natural gas, which still contribute to carbon emissions.

The debate continues as experts and delegates strive to strike a balance between urgency and practicality. While progress has been made, it is clear that there is still much work to be done to ensure an effective and comprehensive response to the global climate crisis.

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